A Rare Invention through Many Experiments and Stages-Photography


It is actually an extended form of photography. Therefore, to understand the evolutionary journey of cinema. And, it is important to understand the invention of photography and its evolutionary stages.


Robert Routledge, the author of Discoveries and Inventions of the Nineteenth Century, has called photography. The most beautiful, popular, and admirable invention of the nineteenth century.

A survey of the historical backdrop of photography uncovers that its innovation required numerous hundreds of years. And, the endeavors of many individuals. This intriguing innovation has contacted us subsequent to going through different investigations and stages.

Some historians believe that Abu Ali Hassan Ibn Al-Haytham, a famous scientist of the Islamic era, initiated the invention of photography. Ibn al-Haytham, known as Alhazen in the western world, study optics in detail and present several theories about it, which are considered the basis of many scientific theories related to optics. In this specific situation, he has additionally composed a significant work called “Kitab al-Muhamab”.

Book of Optics

There is an English translation of this book under the name of “Book of Optics”, which remain in the curriculum including in the universities of the West until the seventeenth century furthermore, was additionally utilized in numerous logical tests.

Ibn al-Haytham

He, experimenting with his theories on visuals, first developed a pinhole camera. And, later remove its shortcomings and created a camera obscura, which is called Bait al-Mudzalam in Arabic. It is furnished with wood or metal as a case with a totally dull inside and a little opening on the outside that mirrors the external scene onto a dark screen in the punctured box. This innovation of Ibn al-Haytham view as the main illustration of photography or cinematography.

Some also believe that the idea of ​​projecting external scenes onto an internal black screen or section through a small hole or opening in a dark room was as old. As, Aristotle’s, as was Euclid around 300 BC.

Euclid’s Optics

In his book “Euclid’s Optics”, Aristotle noticed its bow-like appearance and considered the earth by the leaves of a tree. And, during a shroud of the sun. These kinds of ideas existed even before Euclid. And, Aristotle in the old Chinese logician Mozi in the fifth century BC. Aside from this, the renowned savant Theon of Alexandria (Egypt) in the fourth-century Promotion. And, the popular Byzantine rationalist Anthemius in the sixth-century Advertisement likewise has such ideas.

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Famous Arab philosopher

In the 9th century AD, the famous Arab philosopher Abu Yusuf Yaqub Ibn Ishaq Al-Sabah al-Kindi (Alkindus) also expressed his views on this theory. Be that as it may, none of these individuals set this thought up as a regular occurrence. Ibn al-Hayythum is the first person to present this theory in a very clear manner and at the same time to experience it in practice. For this reason a great many people quality Pinhole Camera or Camera Obscura to Ibn Al-Haytham (Alhazen).

Just an impermanent picture should have been visible with the dim camera (Camera Obscura). It finds not long ago to make a super durable picture. From the tenth hundred years to the fifteenth 100 years, this camera utilizes to stay away from the deficiency of typical perception or direct survey of a sun-powered overshadow.  In the 16th century, Giambattista Della Porta, an Italian scientist, further researched this camera. And, suggested that artists could use this camera’s image on paper to help them in painting.

Subsequently, from the sixteenth 100 years to the eighteenth hundred years. The camera obscura filled in as a helper apparatus for painters, lastly, the day came when craftsmen found the specialty of delivering long-lasting pictures with this gadget. In the 18th century, many scientists were trying to immortalize the images reflected on the screen by this camera. At last, profiting from one another’s disclosure and experience, they prevail with regard to addressing the riddle.

From the above details, it is clear that photography was not the achievement of a single person but the result of continuous efforts and experiments of several important personalities like Joseph, Dagir, and Talbot. After the formal introduction of photography, people began to think about ways to capture moving images on the camera. And as a result of this effort, cinematography invent.

(Passages from an article by Indian exploration researcher Akram Farces)


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