Heart is the organ which supplies blood to entire body

The human heart is an organ that supplies blood to the entire body. It is a muscular organ around the size of a shut clenched hand, and it sits in the chest, marginally to one side of focus.

 It is compose of four chambers: two upper chambers are known as the left chamber and right chambers. Its two lower chambers are called the left and right ventricle. It consists of four valves. Their names are tricuspid, pulmonary, mitral, and aortic valves. A mass of tissue called the septum isolates the left and right atria and the left and right ventricle. Valves separate the atria and ventricles.



The heart’s wall layers of tissue:

Myocardium: This is the strong tissue.

Endocardium: The middle layer guards the valves and chambers.

Pericardium: This is a dainty defensive covering that encompasses different parts.

Epicardium: This defensive layer is made by connective tissues and structures the deepest layer of the pericardium.


Four valves incorporate the accompanying:

 Tricuspid valve: Situated between the right atrium and ventricle.

 Aspiratory valve: Situated between the right ventricle and the aspiratory corridor.

 Mitral valve: Situated between the left chamber and the left ventricle.


The heart pumps blood all through your body, controls your pulse, and keeps up with the circulatory strain. It’s a piece like a house. It has walls, rooms, entryways, plumbing, and an electrical framework. Each cell of the heart cooperates to keep blood streaming and send nutrients to different organs.

Factors on which heart rate depends:

The rate at which the core contracts depends upon many variables. For E.g.

  • 1. Action and exercise
  • 2. Profound variables
  • 3. A few ailments
  • 4. A fever
  • 5. A few drugs
  • 6. Parchedness

Still, the heart could pump multiple times at every moment. This can increment to 100 beats each moment.

How impulses generate in heart muscles:

Tiny cells make up your heart muscle. Bypassing an electrical signal through these cells, its electrical system regulates the timing of your beating.The electrical signal that regulates your core beat is made possible by two distinct types of heart cells: Electrical signals from your heart are carried by conductive cells. The electric signal from your heart causes muscle cells to contract, which in turn causes the chambers of your heart to beat.

The electric signal causes your top chambers (atria) and lower chambers (ventricles) to contract as it passes through the network of conducting cell “pathway” in your heart. Through a complicated chain of events, the signal is able to go through these pathways by activating the cell next to it and encouraging it to “carry along” the electric signal in a systematic way.

How the heart supplies blood throughout the body:

The three primary types of blood vessels


The red blood vessels, or arteries, transport oxygen, and nutrients from your heart to your body’s tissues. The veins (blue) return oxygen-deficient blood. The aorta, the main artery leaving the heart, is where arteries are born. They deliver blood which, is rich in oxygen from the heart to all the body’s tissues. As they transport blood farther from the heart, they branch numerous times and become smaller and smaller.


The capillaries, which link the arteries and veins, are tiny, flimsy blood vessels. Oxygen, nutrients, carbon dioxide, and waste materials can move through their porous walls and into and out of the tissue cells.


These are the blood arteries that return the heart’s oxygen-depleted blood.

Cardiac arrest:

It is necessary for life; if it stops pumping, blood won’t get to the brain and other vital organs, and the individual could pass away in a matter of minutes. The term for this is cardiac arrest. When someone goes into cardiac arrest, they lose their ability to breathe and have a heartbeat.

The likelihood of survival after a person’s heart stops can be doubled or tripled, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is an essential, powerful organ that constantly supplies oxygen and nutrients around the body. If a person is born with intrinsic and heart intrinsic. If damage occurs, due to illness or other factors, this can lead to issues, such as failure.





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